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IDE errors 'Cannot find module' (ts2307)

If your TypeScript build step or IDE complain about not being able to find modules or type definitions on imports, add the following to the compilerOptions.types array of your tsconfig.json:

  "compilerOptions": {
    "types": [

Or you can add the following reference in any of your d.ts files (for example, in vite-env.d.ts or global.d.ts):

/// <reference types="vite-plugin-pwa/client" />

Type declarations

You can find the full list of the vite-plugin-pwa plugin configuration options in the following types.ts module.

You can find all the vite-plugin-pwa virtual modules declarations in the following client.d.ts.

Web app manifest and 401 status code (Unauthorized)

Browsers send requests for the web manifest without credentials, so if your site sits behind auth, the request will fail with a 401 Unauthorized error – even if the user is logged in.

To send the request with credentials, the <link rel="manifest"> needs a crossorigin="use-credentials" attribute, which you can enable via useCredentials in the plugin options:

useCredentials: true

Service Worker errors on browser

Check New Vite Build section for more details, the error described below has been fixed in v0.18.0+ and there is no need to use iife format to build your service worker.

If your service worker code is being compiled with unexpected exports (for example: export default require_sw();), you can change the build output format to iife, add the following code to your pwa configuration:

injectManifest: {
  rollupFormat: 'iife'

Error: Unable to find a place to inject the manifest

If you're using a custom service worker without precaching (self.__WB_MANIFEST) and you're getting this error on build process, you need to disable injection point in your pwa plugin configuration (available only from version ^0.14.0):

injectManifest: {
  injectionPoint: undefined

Service Worker Registration Errors

You can handle Service Worker registration errors if you want to notify the user with following code on your main.ts or main.js:

import { registerSW } from 'virtual:pwa-register'

const updateSW = registerSW({
  onRegisterError(error) {}

and then inside onRegisterError, just notify the user that there was an error registering the service worker.

Missing assets from SW precache manifest

If you find any assets are missing from the service worker's precache manifest, you should check if they exceed the maximumFileSizeToCacheInBytes, the default value is 2 MiB.

You can increase the value to your needs, for example to allow assets up to 3 MiB:

  • when using generateSW strategy:
workbox: {
  maximumFileSizeToCacheInBytes: 3000000
  • when using injectManifest strategy:
injectManifest: {
  maximumFileSizeToCacheInBytes: 3000000

Exclude routes

If you need to exclude some routes from service worker interception:

If you are getting navigator is undefined or window is undefined errors when building your application, you have configured your application in an SSR / SSG environment.

The error could be due to using this plugin or another library not aware of SSR / SSG: your code will be called on the client but also on the server side on build process, so when building the application your server logic will be invoked, and there is no navigator / window on the server, it is undefined.

Third party libraries

If the cause of the error is a third party library that is not aware of the SSR / SSG environment, the way to work around the error is to import it with a dynamic import when window is defined:

if (typeof window !== 'undefined')

Alternatively, if your framework supports component onMount / onMounted lifecycle hook, you can import the third party library on the callback, since the frameworks should call this lifecycle hook only on client side, you should check your framework documentation.

Vite PWA Virtual Module

If the cause of the error is the virtual module of this plugin, you can work around this problem following SSR/SSG: Prompt for update or SSR/SSG: Automatic reload entries.

If you are using autoUpdate strategy and a router with isReady support (that is, the router allow register a callback to be called when the current component route finish loading), you can delay the service worker registration to be on the router callback.

For example, using vue-router, you can register the service worker for autoUpdate strategy using this code:

import type { Router } from 'vue-router'

export function registerPWA(router: Router) {
  router.isReady().then(async () => {
    const { registerSW } = await import('virtual:pwa-register')
    registerSW({ immediate: true })

You can see an example for autoUpdate strategy on a SSR / SSG environment (vite-ssg) on Vitesse Template.

If you are using prompt strategy, you will need to load the ReloadPrompt component using dynamic import with async fashion, for example, using vue 3:

// src/App.vue
<script setup lang='ts'>
import { defineAsyncComponent } from 'vue'

const ClientReloadPrompt = typeof window !== 'undefined'
  ? defineAsyncComponent(() => import('./ReloadPrompt.vue'))
  : null

  <router-view />
  <template v-if="ClientReloadPrompt">
    <ClientReloadPrompt />

or using svelte:

<!-- App.svelte -->
  import { onMount } from 'svelte';
  let ClientReloadPrompt;
  onMount(async () => {
    typeof window !== 'undefined' && (ClientReloadPrompt = await import('$lib/ReloadPrompt.svelte')).default)
{#if ClientReloadPrompt}
<svelte:component this={ClientReloadPrompt}/>

You can check your SSR / SSG environment to see if it provides some way to register components only on client side. Following with vite-ssg on Vitesse Template, it provides ClientOnly functional component, that will prevent registering components on server side, and so you can use the original code but enclosing ReloadPrompt component with it:

// src/App.vue
    <ReloadPrompt />


You can check the ReloadPrompt component of this site to call the PWA virtual module:

<script setup lang="ts">
import { onBeforeMount, ref } from 'vue'

const needRefresh = ref(false)

let updateServiceWorker: (() => Promise<void>) | undefined

function onNeedRefresh() {
  needRefresh.value = true
async function close() {
  needRefresh.value = false

onBeforeMount(async () => {
  const { registerSW } = await import('virtual:pwa-register')
  updateServiceWorker = registerSW({
    immediate: true,

Monorepo with multiple projects and frameworks

From version 0.14.5, vite-plugin-pwa includes types for each framework, and so you can import proper virtual module in your monorepo project. Instead using client.d.ts via vite-plugin-pwa/client (tsconfig.json file or TypeScript reference), use one of the following virtual modules:

  • virtual:pwa-register/react: configure vite-plugin-pwa/react.
  • virtual:pwa-register/preact: configure vite-plugin-pwa/preact.
  • virtual:pwa-register/solid: configure vite-plugin-pwa/solid.
  • virtual:pwa-register/svelte: configure vite-plugin-pwa/svelte.
  • virtual:pwa-register/vanillajs: configure vite-plugin-pwa/vanillajs.
  • virtual:pwa-register/vue: configure vite-plugin-pwa/vue.

You can find some examples for preact, solid and svelte in the examples folder in the vite-plugin-pwa repo.

Suppress workbox-build warnings in dev

If you are using vite-plugin-pwa with generateSW strategy, you can suppress workbox-build warnings in dev using suppressWarnings dev option:

devOptions: {
  suppressWarnings: true

Enabling this option, vite-plugin-pwa dev plugin will:

  • generate an empty suppress-warnings.js file in the dev-dist folder.
  • change workbox.globPatterns option to [*.js'].

Released under the MIT License.